By: Amine Khezri (Aawin_m)
Iran’s history from the 19th century to 1979, (the Revolution of the Iranian People), has made it clear that the basic line of religious and Islamic politics in Iran has been opposed to renewal, the country’s progress, and women’s rights. The purpose of the clergy against women’s rights was to prevent democracy, equality, and modernity and to keep Iranian society within the framework of religious Sunnah (custom). The Islamic Republic’s attitude towards women shows that forced Hijab (veil) and restrictions on women in general, apart from going to protect religious Sunnah, include another important aspect, which is to impose discriminatory laws. According to these fossilized laws, women, apart from becoming instruments of patriarchal power structure, will have a weak role in managing the administration of the country and society. In other words, the issue of women comes from an independent question and serves as a minor issue in the service of the Islamic Republic’s regime.
After the victory of the Iranian people’s revolution in 1979, the situation of women under the influence of the Ideology of the Islamic Republic not only did not advance, but it also returned to situations worse than the previous conditions. Subjugation of Iranian women by the new government in the constitution and in social life was internalized. The gender discrimination, which is rooted in Islamic custom and rules, have taken legal action and has put the lives of Iranian women in general and Kurdistan in particular under its influence. Indeed, in one case, the 1979 Iranian revolution was a patriarchal sectarian revolution that opposed the issue of women, freedom and equality, and formed a strong link between the interests of patriarchy, nationalism and sectarianism. The constitution of the Islamic Republic considers the real personality of women and their human rights only within the framework of Islamic bases and foundations, which also bind these rights to the regime of ideology and the aim of the Islamic Republic.
The Islamic Republic of Iran, after establishing its main policy line on women, tried to implement the Islamic religion on its own people. And by limiting women’s struggles within society and families, it has formed a clear opposition among women in all parts of Iran. Women were the first victims of the Islamic Republic’s system, and for this reason, women were the first social activists to form the basis of their opposition to the Islamic Republic’s regime.
It has now been more than four decades since Iranian women withdrew from the Islamic Republic’s established laws on women’s rights, and have fought hard against inequality. The women’s struggle in Iran continues in a civil way, and has been able to withdraw from the Islamic Republic’s regime step by step.
When we come to the situation of Kurdish women, all the fossilized laws of the Islamic Republic regarding women applies the Kurdish women too.
With the difference that the Kurdish women, both as members of an ethnic minority under the Islamic republic’s control, suffer national oppression and gender oppression too, they suffer from all the injustices that the Islamic Republic has imposed on Iranian women. Apart from all this, the Kurdish struggling women are often pressured in society by their families and relatives because of their political and oppositional struggle, which are worse than any other injustice to women.
I hope that the initial efforts of active Kurdish men and women will reduce these family pressures to the point where one day our people will understand that until the day we can save ourselves as Kurdish nation under the control of invaders, religious and conservative laws, our Kurdish family and community will support women for their political and equality efforts.